Five Pillars of Islam:
The Five Pillars of Islam are the core beliefs and practices that every Muslim is expected to follow:
1. Shahada (Faith): The declaration of faith, where a Muslim bears witness that there is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is His messenger.
2. Salat (Prayer): Muslims are required to perform five daily prayers facing the Kaaba in Mecca. These prayers are at specific times and involve recitations from the Quran.
3. Zakat (Charity): Muslims are obligated to give a portion of their wealth to those in need, typically 2.5% of their savings and investments annually.
4. Sawm (Fasting): During the holy month of Ramadan, Muslims fast from dawn to sunset, refraining from food, drink, and other physical needs. This practice helps foster self-discipline, empathy for the less fortunate, and spiritual growth.
5. Hajj (Pilgrimage): If physically and financially able, Muslims are required to make a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca at least once in their lifetime. It involves a series of rituals and serves as a demonstration of unity among Muslims.
Pillars of Iman (Faith):
In addition to the Five Pillars of Islam, there are six Pillars of Iman (faith) that every Muslim believes in:
1. Belief in Allah: Muslims believe in the oneness of Allah, His attributes, and His sovereignty over all creation.
2. Belief in Angels: Muslims acknowledge the existence of angels who carry out Allah’s commands and record human deeds.
3. Belief in the Books: Muslims believe in the divine books revealed by Allah to various prophets, including the Quran as the final and most complete revelation.
4. Belief in Prophets: Muslims believe in the prophethood of messengers like Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, with Muhammad as the final prophet.
5. Belief in the Day of Judgment: Muslims believe in the resurrection, accountability for one’s deeds, and the ultimate Day of Judgment.
6. Belief in Qadar (Predestination): Muslims believe in Allah’s divine decree and predestination, encompassing everything that happens in the universe.
Islamic Way of Life:
Islamic life is centered around adherence to the Quran and Sunnah (the way of Prophet Muhammad). It includes daily prayers (Salat), fasting during Ramadan (Sawm), giving to charity (Zakat), and striving to live a righteous and just life. These practices are meant to cultivate taqwa (piety) and moral character.
History of Islam and the Life of Prophet Muhammad:
The history of Islam encompasses the life and teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, the spread of Islam, the development of Islamic empires, and the contributions of Muslim scholars in various fields.
Tawheed refers to the concept of the oneness of Allah in Islamic theology. It emphasizes the absolute unity and uniqueness of Allah in His attributes, lordship, and divinity. Tawheed is central to Islamic belief and underpins the Shahada, the first pillar of Islam.
Seerah (Biography of Prophet Muhammad):
The Seerah is a detailed account of the life of Prophet Muhammad, including his birth, upbringing, prophethood, and the events and challenges he faced throughout his life. It serves as a source of guidance for Muslims in understanding the exemplar of their faith.
The study of Islamic Studies is a lifelong journey that involves deepening one’s understanding of these fundamental aspects of Islam and how they relate to daily life, spirituality, and moral conduct.